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Do you want to start a company in Bangalore, India?

One can set up a business in the form of Proprietary concern, Partnership firm, Limited Liability Partnership or Private Limited Company. The form of business to choose depends on the requirement of the entrepreneur. Indian entrepreneurs have a reasonable understanding of the advantages and disadvantages of each of the forms and it is the foreign companies who have to get a clarity on this aspect.

A foreign company wanting to start their activity in India can choose either (a) a subsidiary company (Private Limited Company) or (b) a branch or liaison office.

The important aspects to be considered are –

  • (a) Taxation
  • (b) Repatriation of profits
  • (c) Ease of doing business

Here are the important difference between subsidiary and branch office

Branch Office Subsidiary company
Companies incorporated outside India and engaged in manufacturing or trading activities (including rendering professional / software services) are allowed to set up Branch Offices in India with specific approval of the Reserve Bank A Subsidiary (to be incorporated as Private Limited company) can be set up without the approval of Reserve Bank and no restriction on activities to be carried out
Track Record
For Branch Office — a profit making track record during the immediately preceding five financial years in the home country.
Track Record
A private company is required to be incorporated with a minimum Authorized & paid up capital of Rupees 100,000 and minimum two subscribers. No requirement of track record of parent company as shareholder
Net Worth
Net Worth [total of paid-up capital and free reserves, less intangible assets as per the latest Audited Balance Sheet or Account Statement certified by a Certified Public Accountant or any Registered Accounts Practitioner by whatever name]. For Branch Office — not less than USD 100,000 or its equivalent
Net Worth
No such condition
Local authorized Representative
A branch office should nominate a local Resident Indian as a authorized Representative to sign all the documents. Usually, the companies nominate one of the senior employees
Local Director
A private limited company should appoint a local director. Usually one of the senior employees is appointed as the director.
Tax on income
Since a branch office of a foreign company is taxed as a foreign company in India, it is taxed @ 41.2% or 42.23% if the taxable income exceeds INR 10,000,000 during any financial year (FY)
Tax on Income
The tax rate is 26% on the profits. The profits are arrived based on Transfer Pricing Provisions, adding a markup amount on the cost (cost + markup)
Dividend Tax
Dividend paid to Parent is tax free.
Dividend Tax
Dividend can be paid after payment of Dividend Distribution Tax @ 20.35%
Liability
The liability of the Branch is unlimited and liability of the Branch office extends to the parent company, i.e. when the branch is unable to discharge liabilities, it has to be paid by Head Office.
Liability
the liabilities of a subsidiary company do not extend to the holding company

Other points which may be of help are -

Local Director / Partner – One of the challenges all foreign companies face while setting up a company in India is to identify a local director / partner. As per the Companies Act, 2013, it is mandatory to have a local resident Director in every private company. So, many foreign companies will appoint a senior employee of the company as the Director of the company.

Physical Presence – There is no requirement for the shareholders to be physically present in Bangalore for setting up a company. The documents can be sent through courier after apostalization or attestation by Indian embassy.

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) – Another important aspect to be checked before making an investment is the FDI policy. Today, in India, FDI policy is liberalized and most of the sectors / industries can get foreign equity participation without the specific approval of Reserve Bank of India/ Government. However, there is still a list of activities which are restricted for foreign investments. For example, Real Estate investments are not completely liberalized. It is advisable to seek pre-investment consultation.

We at Balakrishna and Co., Chartered Accountants, Bangalore, have been providing consultation, incorporation services to entrepreneurs (both Indian and foreign) over the last 30 years.

Those who are interested to set up a company / business in Bangalore, may write to us on Prasad@balakrishnaandco.com or call us on 9845721255.

Want to consult us?

  • Ph: 9845721255 / 9448080886,
  • Balakrishna & Co|Chartered Accountants,
  • # 24,3rd Floor, Above State Bank of India,
  • 10th Cross, Wilson Garden, Bangalore - 27.

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